Prodec® 316 / 316L

Prodec® 316 / 316L

Prodec® 316/316L is an improved version of standard 316L for improved machinability and outstanding uniformity. Prodec® 316/316L offers faster machining speeds, longer tool life, improved part quality and lower total cost of machined parts. Prodec® 316/L provides improved resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion in environments containing chlorides and other halides.

Although improvements in machinability in the past have been associated with reduced corrosion resistance, Prodec® 316/316L has shown corrosion resistance within the range typically expected of 316L stainless steel. It is common for Prodec® 316/316L to be dual certified as Prodec® 316L and Prodec® 316 because the material meets both the lower carbon limit of 316L and the slightly higher strength of 316.

Prodec® 316/316L is readily welded by a full range of conventional welding procedures except oxyacetylene. AWS E316L/ER316L and other low carbon filler metals with molybdenum content higher than that of the base metal should be used with Prodec® 316/316L stainless steel.

Chemistry

 CrNiCMnPSSiMoNFe
MIN 16.0 10.0 - - - 0.015 - 2.0 - -
MAX 18.0 14.0 0.03 2.0 0.04 0.03 0.75 3.0 0.1 Balance

Specifications

AMS 5648AMS 5653
ASTM A 276ASTM A 479
EN 1.4404EN 1.441
UNS S31600UNS S31603
Werkstoff 1.4401Werkstoff 1.4404

Inventory

Prodec® 316/316L Hex Bar, Prodec® 316/316L Round Bar

Features

  • Extended tooling life
  • Reduce machining cost

Applications

  • Chemical process equipment
  • Food and beverage industry

Physical Properties

Density: 0.285 lb/inch3
Modulus of Elasticity: 29 x 106 psi
Linear Expansion 60-212°F: 9.4 x 10-6/°F
Thermal Conductivity: 8.7 Btu/ft hr °F
Heat Capacity: 0.12 Btu/lb °F
Electrical Resistivity: 27.6 Ω in x 10-6

Mechanical Properties

Typical Tensile Properties

Tensile Strength, ksi Yield Strength, ksi Elongation in 2 inches, % Reduction of area, % Hardness, HB
85 44 56 69 170

 Minimum Tensile Properties (ASTM A 276)

Tensile Strength, ksi Yield Strength, ksi Elongation in 2 inches, % Reduction of area, %
75 30 40 50

Turning

High Speed Tooling

Feed, in/rev < 0.012 0.012 - 0.02 0.02 - 0.04
Cutting Depth, in 0.08 0.08 - 0.2 0.2 - 0.4
Cutting Speed, sfm C7 780 - -
  C6 620 560 295
C5 - 460 260
Steel 95 80 50

Drilling

High Speed Twist Drills

Drill Diameter, in 0.04 0.12 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.2
Speed, RPM 3200 - 3800 1600 - 1800 1080 - 1270 540 - 640 360 - 430 270 - 320 180 - 220
SFM 33 - 38 50 - 57 57 - 66 57 - 66 57 - 66 57 - 66 57 - 66
Feed, in/rev 0.002 0.004 0.008 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018

Notes: 1. Cutting Fluid: Ample flow of 10% emulsion coolant., 2. With short NC drills, feeds can be increased about 40%., 3. When hole depth exceeds 4x diameter, clear chips from hole., 4. With TiN-Coated HSS drills, speed can be increased 10%.

Milling

  Face Milling Side Milling End Milling End Milling
Speed, sfm 490 - 820 590 - 790 490 - 720 165 - 330
Cemented Carbide Feed 0.006 - 0.012 0.01 - 0.012 0.004 - 0.008 0.002 - 0.008
Type of Carbide C7 - C6 C7 - C6 C7 - C6 C5
High Speed Steel Tool, sfm 80 - 100 80 - 100 80 - 100 -
High Speed Steel Feed, in/tooth 0.005 - 0.008 0.005 - 0.008 0.001 - 0.006 -

Prodec® is a registered trademark of Outokumpu